The Complete Guide to CBD and Hemp Oil    

CBD is the most fascinating alternative medications on the planet today, and it’s a growing industry. From what started as a niche group of passionate users, CBD has grown exponentially into a global movement.

CBD, or cannabidiol, is quickly catching up with THC as the most well-known cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. However, while THC’s profile is largely thanks to its psychoactive properties, which makes marijuana what it is for medical purposes, CBD is viewed purely in a medical prism. A non-psychoactive cannabinoid, it’s been easier for professionals and health officials to recognize the medicinal traits of CBD.

But if you’re unfamiliar with this wonderful compound, you’ve probably got tons of questions, ranging from what it is exactly, how you can consume it and whether it’s on legal. We’re on hand to answer all those queries in a concise manner. After this post, you’ll be fully comfortable with CBD and hopefully ready to start enjoying the benefits for yourself.

What is CBD?

The cannabis sativa plant is made up of more than 100 cannabinoids, with the most prominent being CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).

People who smoke weed recreationally do so for the psychoactive high of the THC – it’s what makes you stoned. However, cannabis is so much more than a recreational plant. While THC is often the dominant cannabinoid in a strain, CBD is usually a close second. Indeed, specific medical marijuana strains are actually CBD-dominant and have been bred to contain as little THC as possible. When working together, CBD reduces the psychoactive effects of the THC, as well as giving you a relaxed, chilled feeling.

The demand for CBD-dominant marijuana has opened up a whole new lucrative market for growers. Industrial hemp isn’t subject to the same federal restrictions as marijuana, but it is technically a strain of cannabis sativa. However, it has been bred to be CBD-laden, with focus on producing big leaves and stalks, and not flowers, where one would normally find the THC.

We know there is a plethora of other cannabinoids in cannabis sativa (e.g. CBG), however they haven’t been studied nearly as much because their concentrations in the plant are much smaller, hence we assume that their effects are much less significant. Moreover, because marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance by the federal government, it hasn’t been possible to carry out extensive research. Hopefully, with more and more states legalizing marijuana and the changing perceptions to the plant, it won’t be long before we have a much fuller understanding of it.

The CBD process

CBD works by binding itself to cannabinoid receptors in your body. The body produces its own cannabinoids, known as “endocannabinoids”, and these regulate a number of bodily functions.

Cannabinoids binding with receptors can be thought of as a lock and key system. Have the right cannabinoid with the right receptor and they’ll match up and produce their effects. THC for example has lots in common with an endocannabinoid called anandamide, which allows it to bind with the same CB1 and CB2 receptors that anandamide does.

CBD doesn’t work in the same way as it doesn’t directly bind itself to cannabinoid receptors. Instead, it inhibits an enzyme that impacts the cannabinoid system, and also activates other receptors in the body, such as serotonin receptors.

How CBD works with the aforementioned enzyme explains why it’s able to limit the psychoactive effects of THC, while promoting the medical aspects of it. Knowing this, if you are keen on using THC in a medical fashion, you’re best doing so in conjunction with CBD and not isolating it. Anandamide breakdown is also inhibited by CBD.

CBD has extraordinary abilities in both a physical and mental capacity. As it can influence pain perception, the cannabinoid is great in relieving chronic pain. Meanwhile, since CBD is anxiolytic and an anti-depressant, it also has the ability to regulate your mood, namely by reducing anxiety and depression. Considering the drugs that are generally prescribed for such disorders tend to be riddled with side effects, CBD really is wondrous.

Can I get high off CBD?

No, CBD is not psychoactive because it doesn’t interact with CB1 receptors like THC does – THC directly binds itself whereas CBD works indirectly. CBD has the power to make you feel relaxed and enhance your mood since it has an impact on anandamide levels, but you won’t find anyone using vape oil or CBD edibles for recreational purposes.

Indeed, the studied reactions between CBD and THC indicate that the former reduces the high caused by the latter. Despite not binding itself in the same way as THC, CBD does still interact with cannabinoid receptors (including the ones influenced by THC), helping to explain why this effect occurs.

Is CBD legal throughout the United States?

U.S. law, at both state and federal level is inherently complicated. The short answer to this question: Kind of. Now for the long answer.

It would seem logical for CBD to be legal as it is not psychoactive and therefore different to marijuana. But logic and the government rarely go together and subsequently the CBD laws surrounding hemp and marijuana are complex.

The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) classes CBD products as Schedule I controlled substances simply because they are cannabis extracts. Where people get confused is with the Farm Bill, which categorizes cannabis sativa with less than 0.3% THC as industrial hemp. But this ruling doesn’t relate to the public sale of CBD, just as a workaround so that universities could study it and state department farmers could grow with it.

The states are thankfully much less strict with CBD than the federal government by and large. Save for six, (Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and West Virginia), hemp-derived CBD oil is legal.

Among the 44 states that allow CBD use, 28 of those have medical marijuana legislation in place which permits the substance, while another 16 have laws which allow for the use of CBD, providing there’s an appropriate medical reasons for doing so. Furthermore, states where marijuana has been totally legalized have no restrictions surrounding CBD products.

Yet, in practice, even the states which proclaim to take a hard line on CBD don’t really seem to follow through with it. Selling CBD oil has rarely led to arrest and there are no on the record cases for CBD possession.

Law enforcement isn’t really concerned about CBD because it’s not psychoactive. However, technically, if CBD is illegal in a state, legislation could be enforced. That’s because in the books marijuana covers anything which has come from the plant.

As far as possessing CBD, while on papers it’s a federal crime, there’s really nothing to worry about, and in the vast majority of states you’re in no danger of committing a state crime. Selling CBD doesn’t even seem to be on the priority list either, as proven by the total lack of cases.

CBD laws in other countries

America isn’t the only country that’s confused about its CBD laws, users elsewhere are often unclear of the legal status of industrial hemp, with the same arguments being made for its legality as here. A general rule employed is that if above a certain level of THC (around 0.2% or 0.3%), a product is classified as marijuana.

The United Kingdom may have its act together on vaping, but on CBD it’s in a muddle. Advocates for CBD oil reckon that it should be sold as a food supplement and not a medical product. Legally, they argue that legislation enacted in 1971 and 2001 does not cover CBD, and therefore it shouldn’t be subject to the same treatment as marijuana.

There is unfortunately a general lack of information surrounding CBD anyway which has made progress on laws more difficult. It shouldn’t be difficult for health officials and professionals to realize that CBD isn’t psychoactive and has medical benefits, but these developments are only very recent. Regulators aren’t always clear about where they stand so it’s impossible to provide guarantees on governments’ CBD positions, however there really doesn’t seem to be much focus on it.

Because the exact laws are different country to country, if you want to find out the specifics on laws pertaining to CBD where you live, be sure to do some research. The main things to look out for is how much THC a product is allowed to contain, and whether the laws differentiate between marijuana and industrial hemp.

Is hemp oil the same as CBD oil?

Hemp oil and CBD oil are two terms often used interchangeably, although to do this is a mistake as there are some subtle differences between the two products.

Hemp oil has a variety of uses, from cooking to producing soaps – it’s extracted from the seeds in the industrial hemp plant. While officially a strain of cannabis sativa, the levels of THC are so low that there would be no way to use the plant for psychoactive purposes. However, hemp oil is only made from hemp seeds, which aren’t overly rich in CBD. Therefore, the finished hemp oil product has a relatively low CBD content, which would make it very expensive if not impossible to medicate with.

In contrast, CBD oil is being specifically made for medicating purposes, and as a result the CBD percentages are much increased. The oil is being extracted from CBD-rich flowers and stalks as well as the seeds. The plants used will either be industrial hemp or THC-containing marijuana – both are very rich in CBD.

What’s better: hemp CBD oil or marijuana CBD oil?

Results-wise, CBD oil derived from marijuana plants tends to be more effective than oil from industrial hemp. The full-spectrum effect argues that CBD works better when combined with THC, and the other cannabinoids and terpenes present in the oil. But from a legal perspective, if your CBD oil is being extracted from marijuana, it is likely to be on shakier ground.

The production of hemp oil is much greater since it has a history of being grown industrially. Therefore hemp CBD oil is very cheap and easier to find. But to make a bottle of hemp CBD oil as potent as a bottle of marijuana CBD oil, it would require a huge amount more plant matter. Critics believe that hemp CBD oil isn’t as safe due to the increased “bio-accumulates” inevitable because of the increased soil contact.

In a nutshell, marijuana CBD oil is preferred if you can easily get hold of it, but don’t sweat it. You can buy hemp CBD oil pretty much anywhere and it’s far better to medicate with that than to not do so at all.

Where CBD is sourced doesn’t really matter if you are only bothered about the medical impacts from it. Whether you have 10mg of hemp-derived CBD or of marijuana-derived CBD is irrelevant – their chemical makeup is the same. For the full-spectrum effect, oils with boosted levels of THC are good, but think of this as a bonus rather than a necessity.

Hemp CBD oil buying tips

Despite the hemp CBD oil market booming, the quality control continues to be quite poor, so you have to be picky about where you buy your products. In the vast sea of companies, a few stand out from the rest, with high quality, consistent CBD. Once you’ve found a brand, stick with it!

The extraction method is always a key determinant of a good CBD brand, and the best companies will always be transparent bout their process, with “lab-tests”, either in-house or third party to check for metals or pesticides which may have crept into the oil. If you know the production, you’ll also know the exact concentration of CBD in a product, and that for any other cannabinoids in the oil.

Browse through our products and check out the great reviews from our happy customers. You may find that the companies which opt to use the CO2 extraction method are the most popular, as they are able to offer CBD in its purest form. But there are many awesome brands to choose from.

What’s a good CBD dosage for me?

Frustratingly, as companies themselves are unable to style their CBD products as medicinal, they can’t give customers dosage guidelines. The reality is it varies from person to person, so go online to see how much others are taking for your issue. Just start small and steadily up the dosage as you’re comfortable.

It’s not ideal, admittedly, especially if you’re apprehensive about taking cannabidiol due to the long-attached stigma with cannabis. We do have a rough guide for you to use though.

The bigger you are, the bigger the dosage you’re going to need – that’s the same with CBD as it is most other medication. After deciding on an initial dosage, persist with it for a few days so you can properly document the effects. Then up the dosage for a similar period, assess the results again and compare them. It won’t take long for you to become completely confident with CBD.

Checking in with your doctor is a great idea since they’re sworn to discretion, and can help you on a non-judgmental basis. They could help with dosage recommendations tailored to you, and inform you of any reasons you shouldn’t take CBD because of other medication.

How to take CBD

So you know how much to dose with, but how should you take it? There are many ways. We will start with the most popular before revealing some of the more unusual!

CBD oil tinctures: What are they and how do they work?

CBD oil tinctures are normally made with hemp-derived CBD, and next to no THC (less than 0.3%). Some full-spectrum products will contain other cannabinoids, such as CBG, along with terpenes. Pure CBD oil, where the CBD is isolated from the rest of the plant, is also popular. It could be from the plant or CBD mixed into other oils.

To use a tincture, unscrew the bottle cap which also doubles up as a pipette. Fill the pipette with CBD oil and carefully drip it under your tongue. Allow the oil to seep into the tissues under the tongue for a minute or longer to maximize the ingestion of CBD. Once satisfied, wait for a few minutes the effects to kick in – they should last for a couple of hours.

CBD oil tinctures are totally different to CBD vape oil, and under no circumstances should you try vaping these. Want to vape CBD? Either purchase specific CBD vape juice or make it yourself.

CBD oil dosages

Any good bottle of CBD oil will have its potency clearly specified on the bottle. Full-spectrum oil might just cover all cannabinoids, although it will be nearly all CBD. Some bottles only tell you the total CBD content of the product in mg – to work out the amount per mL, divide total CBD mg by total mL of the oil. Most companies sell multiples strengths of CBD oil.

Standard CBD oil products have potency anywhere between 10 and 20mg/mL. If your product has an accompanying lab test, you can find out the exact cannabinoid concentrations.

CBD capsules: what are they and how to take them?

CBD capsules, also styled as “pills”, tend to use hemp-derived CBD oil and are a good way to ensure precise CBD medication. Both CBD-isolate oil and full-spectrum CBD oil is available. Capsules are extremely convenient despite not tasting great – just swallow with a glass of water and enjoy the effects for several hours.

Choosing a CBD capsule dosage

The bottle will tell you how much CBD is in each capsule, and you can always double check where you purchased from if unsure. Meanwhile, the lab results will show you where and how the CBD was sourced and extracted. Capsules containing 15mg to 25mg are common, although you can buy stronger. Or you could just take two capsules.

Understanding CBD e-juice

CBD e-juice is just e-liquid but with CBD. It’s sold as both full-spectrum and CBD-isolate, although we see much more of the latter. Unlike other CBD oil, CBD vape oil needs either PG or VG as a mixing agent.

A disposable CBD vape pen would work, but it makes better financial and practical sense to buy CBD e-liquid.

Using CBD e-juice

Vaping CBD e-liquid is just like vaping any other e-liquid. Load up your tank and vape away. The smooth experience makes for pleasant medicating, and do feel free to mix your CBD e-liquid with other e-liquids you enjoy.

How much CBD e-juice should I use?

Again, selecting a dosage is easy with CBD e-liquid thanks to the wide ranges of strengths stocked by most vendors, similar to nicotine vaping. New vapers can start off with 20 mg/mL, while hard core vapers can enjoy strengths in excess of 500mg/mL. Regular use will build a CBD tolerance, so be prepared to have to up your dosage over time if results wane after a while. If you’re hesitant, start off with CBD-isolate before trying full-spectrum products.

CBD isolate explained

Generally extracted from hemp, CBD isolate is sold in crystalline powder form. The CBD is pure, separated from all other cannabinoids. “Terpsolate” products mix in terpenes with the CBD to give the product a marijuana-like flavor. On its own, CBD has an earthy taste.

Using CBD isolate

Let’s go over the best ways that you can use your CBD isolate. If you’re just starting out with CBD, CBD isolate is a great way to experiment.

Make e-liquid: heat up a PG/VG mixture (ratio 70:30) and dissolve some pure CBD crystals into the mix. This is a great way of setting personalized potencies.

Make tinctures: dissolve CBD isolate into oils, CBD, hemp or other to produce tinctures.

Make edibles: melt CBD isolate into butter to create CBD-infused butter which can be used for cakes or other delectable treats.

Dabs: got a rig? For quick CBD ingestion, heat up your crystals on the nail and inhale the pure vapor. This is a very potent method of taking CBD.

CBD isolate dosage

With CBD isolate, being precise with the dosage isn’t always easy as you’re typically dealing with very quantities. Being only slightly out can have a significant effect. On the up side, isolate does give you the power to make really potent e-juice.

When making e-liquids, oils or edible from your CBD isolate, a scale that measures to 0.01g should suffice, but there’s no harm in one that goes to the mg (0.001g). On average, anywhere between 100 to 300mg of CBD for every 10ml of e-juice makes a good potency.

Few bother to get an exact dose when they’re dabbing CBD, preferring their own judgment. Starting off with tiny crystals, about the size of a match-head, and increasing from there will make for a soothing time medicating.

The beauty of CBD is that it’s non-psychoactive, non-addictive and you can’t overdose on it. So there’s no need to be stressing overly about dosages – having too much isn’t a big deal. But of course, if you want to be precise, you can be.

Investigating CBD concentrates: dabs, shatter and wax

CBD concentrates are more powerful versions of CBD, normally hemp-extracted and sold as shatters, waxes or crystals, which the majority of users choose to dab.

Most CBD shatter is a “terpsolate” combination, so you have a similar experience as to when dabbing marijuana products, without getting high. There are some full-spectrum shatters around too.

CBD wax is a sticky extract that’s usually made from full-spectrum CBD, including terpenes. Wax can be dabbed or added to a hot drink as an edible.

Using CBD concentrates

CBD concentrates can be dabbed on a nail, and they can be vaped too. For wax, you will need a specialized wax pen.

CBD concentrate dosages

CBD concentrates are very potent – ranging from 70% to 90% CBD, and sometimes even higher. Only CBD isolate is a purer form of CBD and we recommend dosing with concentrates the same way you would with isolate. Precise measurements (either to the 0.01g or milligram), and beginning with super small dosages will encourage a calm experience. Wax is only around 30% to 40% CBD so you can afford to be more liberal with dosages.

CBD water

CBD water is, as you would guess, CBD-infused water. It’s sold primarily using CBD isolate, however there are a few full-spectrum CBD water options too.

Probably the worst understood CBD product on sale, the effectiveness of CBD water is disputed by some, who claim the “nanotechnology” science purported by CBD water is unexplained at best and sketchy at worst. The argument made is that CBD water is more economic as the CBD has been broken down so that more can be absorbed by the body. Unproven claims that CBD water enhances hydration and neutralizes acidity in the body make the product an intriguing one, but hard right now to put too much faith in.

CBD water dosages

CBD water is stocked in multiple potencies, although these are often hard to locate on the label and hard to make comparisons with as the total CBD is much less due to the nanotechnology. A standard bottle contains around 2 to 3mg CBD, only really enough for those who operate on small dosages.

CBD edibles

CBD edibles cover all CBD-infused products that you eat, from sumptuous cakes to sweet gummy bears. There are some fantastically creative CBD foodstuffs to get your hands on, the majority made using full-spectrum CBD to ensure you get the benefits from the other cannabinoids.

As edibles don’t kick in instantly, dosing can be confusing and intimidating at first. Reassuringly, all good edible companies state the potency of their products on the packaging, so you can calculate how much CBD you’re taking. Edibles typically range from 10mg to 50mg in strength – home-made edibles can be even stronger.

CBD creams, salves and balms

CBD creams, salves and balms are perfect if you don’t want to ingest CBD, but still want the healing properties. Ideal for localized pain, simply apply your product to the affected area.

While lotions are sold in multiple potencies, don’t stress over it – just use your CBD-infused lotion as you would any skin cream. Labels will usually tell you the total amount of CBD, which is a good starting point. Just use as much as you feel comfortable with and you’ll be fine.

The booming CBD market

CBD oil isn’t exactly new but it’s only recently that it has been thrust into the public eye, thanks to a great media story concerning Charlotte Figi and her battle against Dravet syndrome, an uncommon form of epilepsy prescribed medication was unable to treat.

Seizures were an ever-present factor in Charlotte’s life – she would regularly have 300 a week, which means more than 40 per day on average. After all medication proved unhelpful, Charlotte’s parents turned hopefully to CBD. Remarkably, 40-plus seizures per day diminished to just one a day – what an astonishing improvement!

The story was picked up on by CNN in 2013 and was focussed on in a medical marijuana documentary. Framed as a safe natural treatment that was having an unforeseen, miracle-like effect, awareness about hemp CBD oil spiked considerably, and that momentum has been maintained.

In 2016, the hemp CBD market boosted sales by $40 million over 2015 to $130 million, and experts anticipate the market could be worth $450 million by the end of the decade. And that’s only hemp CBD oil. Cannabis-derived CBD oil is soaring in popularity thanks to legalization, with the $100 million market in 2015 anticipated to be valued at more than $1.5 billion by 2020. People are waking up fast.

The publicity surrounding CBD has been hugely positive and Charlotte Figi’s story is the sort that will help reduce the stigma of marijuana-derived medication. As the industry moves from niche to mainstream, consumers are sure to benefit from the increased competition that leads to cheaper prices.

Indeed, from more than $1 per mg in just 2013, the cheapest CBD is now sold at about 2.5 cents per mg. Vaping makes up a huge portion of the CBD market and it’s a safe assumption that CBD is an indirect benefactor of increased e-cigarette use. Couple that with more relaxed attitudes to medical marijuana and a compelling pitch is made for a safe, non-psychoactive alternative like CBD.

The specific effects of CBD oil

It’s great that the focus is on the effects of CBD oil instead of its source. Let’s zone in on how exactly CBD oil works, the specific benefits and whether it really is a wonder treatment for your condition.

Most CBD oil comes from either industrial hemp or special medical marijuana strains which are high in CBD but low in THC. Full-spectrum CBD oil involves the interaction of so many compounds that it becomes a possible medication for all sorts of ailments. We’ll start with the most common reasons for taking CBD oil.

With CBD straitjacketed under federal restrictions, the scientific evidence on CBD’s medical properties is sparse, while the quality of the research is not first-class. However, the research conducted on CBD has overwhelmingly pointed to medical benefits, in direct conflict to Schedule I legislation the cannabinoid is classified under – Schedule I substances are deemed to have no medical benefits. We should begin to understand CBD much better over the next couple of years as more donors become willing to fund studies.

Treating seizures with CBD oil

It was Charlotte Figi who drew public attention to CBD and seizures after using the CBD oil to bring her Dravet syndrome under control. However, this is purely an anecdotal story, and while Charlotte is not alone, clinically, CBD is yet to be recognized as a treatment for seizures. Animal testing has tended to support these anecdotes, but progress has not been as swift with humans. In 2014, a clinical study on CBD oil to treat seizures couldn’t make a definite conclusion.

More recent studies from America and around the world have added more weight to the claims. In child and young adult patients where seizures were untreatable, CBD managed to at least reduce the number. More tellingly, an Israeli study on epileptic children who couldn’t be treated with prescribed medication produced stunning results for CBD. Nearly nine in 10 of the patients saw a drop in seizures.

The FDA isn’t as strict on CBD as a medical alternative as you’d imagine. A few epilepsy centers are now able to use CBD for “compassionate” reasons with a view of extending such practice if the results are positive. The FDA is still trying to establish the medical pros and cons of CBD, but it’s mightily encouraging that they are even considering it. Furthermore, Epidolex, a pure CBD extract medication, has been developed for seizure patients by GW Pharmaceuticals. If testing is conclusive and supported enough, the product could soon be on sale.

We’ll have to wait for the experts before we truly know whether CBD oil is effective in treating seizures, but everything in our knowledge right now suggests that it is.

Treating pain with CBD oil

The jury’s still out on CBD’s effectiveness at treating pain on its own. Medical marijuana products are noted for their pain-relieving qualities, but that’s aided by the presence of THC and the positive reactions between that and the CBD. On its own, CBD doesn’t appear to be as powerful in tackling pain, although there is some contrasting evidence, such as a 2007 Canadian meta-analysis CBD study – however that concentrated on multiple sclerosis and neuropathic-related pain.

As an anti-inflammatory, CBD oil is superb but for pain itself, you should look at other options if available to you. Either medical marijuana itself or a THC product will serve you best.

Can CBD oil treat cancer?

We should always be sceptical when hearing that a medication can treat cancer – too often companies make outlandish claims to prey on the vulnerable. Medical marijuana has a history with cancer treatment. THC has been given to chemotherapy patients to boost appetite and reduce nausea among those undergoing intensive treatment. The limited studies on CBD as cancer medication has shown the cannabinoid to have anti-tumor properties in isolated test conditions, but we don’t know if this would translate to the human body.

We have a few CBD oil studies on animals to back up these anti-cancer claims. From stopping tumors from growing and spreading to promoting cancer cell death, CBD certainly does some interesting things in regard to cancer. Hopefully we’ll have studies soon to show how CBD works as a treatment in the human body.

Treating anxiety with CBD oil

CBD has popped up as a breakthrough anxiety medication, and it’s all thanks to how the compound reacts with the body’s serotonin receptors. Anxiety is one of the most widely-reported reasons for taking the CBD, with users largely agreeing that the oil has helped them to bring their generalized anxiety, and specifically social anxiety, under control. For anxiety, CBD is usually administered in tincture fashion or via a vape, and there are studies on both animals and humans to suggest cannabidiol is effective medication.

While not on an official leger, CBD oil is a recommended treatment for anyone with anxiety who either hasn’t tried medication or has been failed by prescribed medication. It’s non-addictive so definitely worth checking out.

Other claimed medical benefits of CBD

Because much of the evidence on CBD is anecdotal and formulated by discussions among users, there are plenty of CBD claims out there that simply aren’t backed up. So it’s said that CBD can treat hundreds of ailments, but we can’t be totally sure. Therefore it’s always best to experiment for yourself.

From acne to diabetes, insomnia to fibromyalgia and schizophrenia to multiple sclerosis, CBD is argued to be beneficial. In fact, MS is especially unique in that there is a legal THC-CBD medication in Europe called Sativex.

Latest research on CBD and CBD oil

2017 has been a wonderful year for CBD and CBD oil research with a collection of new studies discovering and confirming the medical properties of cannabidiol.

In June 2017, a study on rats with schizophrenic traits showed that CBD could help to boost memory and improve the animal’s enthusiasm, as well as making them less prone to social withdrawal.

High blood pressure patients could soon be turning to CBD after a human study found the cannabinoid useful when given in high dosages (600mg). Such a dosage helps to keep blood pressure under control in stressful situations and reduce it when at rest.

The powers of CBD-THC interaction now extend to treating migraine headaches, according to a 2017 study. Administering a 200mg dose of CBD-THC medication can reduce migraine pain by more than 50 percent.

Studies are coming out constantly, and there’s a really intriguing one on brain tumors currently being conducted. Imagine if CBD was found to be a genuine treatment for cancer.

Are there any side effects to CBD?

Everything you consume could have side effects to some degree, and CBD is no exception. Both hemp-derived and marijuana-derived CBD oil is perfectly safe, even at hefty dosages, so there’s no reason to be majorly worried. But there are a few short-term effects worth bearing in mind, especially if you’re new to CBD.

Feelings of lightheadedness and dry mouth are quite common after taking CBD. The former is often caused by low blood pressure. At high doses, users may become drowsy while Parkinson’s patients could see tremors increase. If you take other medication, consult your doctor before taking CBD as cannabidiol can slow down the liver and the metabolization process – meaning you may have to alter the doses of your other medication.

The last point sounds much scarier than it is as citric fruit is enough to slow down metabolic functions for a short time. It’s not possible to overdose on CBD, but at high dosages you are more likely to feel drowsy. But ultimately, the threats posed are minimal and none are long-term, so providing you’re sensible using CBD, you’ll be just fine.

Could I treat my pets with CBD?

The idea of medicating pets with CBD is nowhere near as far-fetched as it sounds – it’s actually happening already. After all, pets cannot get high off CBD so there’s no psychoactive risk, and we understand mammals to have an endocannabinoid system for which cannabidiol could be effective.

Specific pet oils and capsules are in production, as are some cool pet edibles. With oils and capsules, mixing them into their food is the way to go. Pet owners have struck a positive tone on CBD pet products – just keep doses small and study their effects closely.

Again, the effects of CBD on pets are more anecdotal than scientific. There are no studies demonstrating CBD to have medical benefits on pets, but we can assume that if it’s good for a human condition, it may have potential or a pet condition. It’s best to check with your veterinarian as they can offer advice relating to your pet and flag up any concerns about CBD, or how it could interact with the medication your pet is taking.

What’s next for CBD oil?

Despite the legal difficulties, it’s one-way traffic for CBD with the evidence in favor rolling in relentlessly. From medical to physical pain, there are tons of routes where CBD could be a workable treatment. And what consumers love is that CBD is safe, and free of nasty side effects.

Now it’s time for governments to take action and study cannabidiol extensively. Then we can start ensuring long-suffering patients get the treatment they deserve.

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